Fifty countries in the world have ratified what is being calls as a ‘historic’ treaty to denuclearise, the UN said Saturday as the text goes into effect 90-days later.
The UN effort to stop nations from procuring nuclear arsenal needed the 50th ratification to go into full effect.
Honduras became the 50th nation to join the UN treaty, vowing to disown or dispossess nuclear power for the sake of world peace, media reports confirm.
Nobel prize-winning organization ICAN or International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons Executive Director Beatrice Fihn welcomed the move as “a new chapter for nuclear disarmament.”
A wave of nations ratified the UN treaty after Japan – the only nation in the world to have ever witnessed a nuclear attack – celebrated its 75th Hiroshima-Nagasaki blast anniversary, earlier this year.
“This is the first time in international law that we have been so recognized. We share this recognition with another hibakusha (Japanese for nuclear survivors) across the world, those who have suffered radioactive harm from nuclear testing, from uranium mining, from secret experimentation,” Setsuko Thurlow, a survivor of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, said about the treaty.
Prior to Honduras, Malaysia, Tuvalu, Nigeria, Ireland, Thailand, Mexico, South Africa, Bangladesh, New Zealand, Vietnam, and the Vatican are among the countries that had already ratified it.
Although eighty-four countries have signed the UN text, which was adopted by the UN General Assembly in July 2017 with the approval of 122 countries, not all nations ratified it.
The treaty – Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons – will enter into force on January 22, 2021, the UN said. It says, partner nations “never under any circumstances … develop, test, produce, manufacture, otherwise acquire, possess or stockpile nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.”
In an Associated Press reveal, the news agency investigated a letter from the US, days ahead of the ratification ceremony, tried to persuade nations from deterring away from the anti-nuke policy.
The Trump administration has been actively pursuing states from signing out from the UN anti-nuke treaty and encouraged other nations to remain abstained from it.
“Desperate attempts to weaken these leaders’ commitment to nuclear disarmament demonstrate only the fear of nuclear-armed states of the change this treaty will bring,” the 2017 Nobel winner Australian agency ICAN said in a statement.
It must be noted, none of the nuclear powers have signed the treaty including the likes of the US, EU members like Germany, France, the UK, China, Russia, and North Korea.
Nuclear-armed states argue their possession of such devastating weapons serve as deterrents, and that they continue to support the nuclear Non-Proliferation treaty, nonetheless, France 24 reports.
This Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons treaty is “the culmination of a worldwide movement to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in a statement.
“It represents a meaningful commitment towards the total elimination of nuclear weapons, which remains the highest disarmament priority of the United Nations.”
Proponats of this treaty expects other nations who are yet to join the force will also feel its presence.
A united stance against possessing nuclear weapons will persuade companies from making the arms, and financial institutions to stop investing in nuclear weapon-making companies.