New Delhi, India: States across India issued emergency declarations on Thursday in response to an outbreak of the uncommon and deadly “black fungus” illness among coronavirus victims.
Mucormycosis outbreaks have been declared in two additional states, and special wards were opened in New Delhi and other large cities to treat thousands of cases of the infection known as a black fungus.
In India, there are typically less than 20 instances each year, but the illness has emerged as a new hazard as a result of the coronavirus outbreak, which has killed 120,000 people in only six weeks.
The illness, which some physicians attribute to the widespread use of steroids to battle Covid-19, kills more than half of those who contract it in a matter of days.
Surgeons have removed eyeballs and upper jaws in some situations to save lives.
The number of persons who have died as a result of the black fungus is unknown.
However, according to a government advisory sent to state officials on Thursday, teams of reconstructive and general surgeons, as well as ear, nose, and throat experts, must be ready to handle the rising number of victims.
A day after Rajasthan, Gujarat and Telangana became the latest states to announce black fungus outbreaks.
More than 2,000 instances have been recorded in Maharashtra. Gujarat, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s home state, has roughly 1,200, according to authorities.
According to a spokeswoman, the Ahmedabad civil hospital, one of Gujarat’s largest, was treating 371 patients. According to health officials, the government hospital in Rajkot had roughly 400 patients.
‘Steroid usage without discrimination’
To deal with the growing numbers of black fungus, three hospitals in New Delhi have built up dedicated wards.
According to media sources, there are more than 200 black fungus patients in New Delhi hospitals, with scores on waiting lists for beds.
Bangalore, the IT capital of the world, established dedicated wards on Wednesday, which physicians claimed were quickly filled.
Antifungal medications are the latest shortfall to strike India’s already overburdened health system, with families of Mucormycosis patients begging for assistance in finding medications on social media.
Mucormycetes are organisms that create black fungus and can enter the body by breathing or skin injuries.
These are found naturally in soil and decomposing organic debris, but once inside the body, they may infect air spaces behind the eyes, nose, cheeks, and teeth.
According to some experts, the panicked use of steroids to treat Covid-19 has aided the growth of black fungus.
“Indiscriminate use of steroids to treat Covid-19 patients should be avoided,” Maharashtra’s Health Minister Rajesh Tope said Wednesday.
Other physicians believe that unsanitary circumstances in certain hospitals when placing coronavirus patients on oxygen cylinders caused black fungus to thrive.
Patients with diabetes and a compromised immune system are especially vulnerable to a Coronavirus infection.
Many of the medications used to combat the coronavirus inhibit the immune system, which would typically protect the body against fungal infection.