A shocking report reveals uncharted deaths related to rising temperature could come close to shadowing the death toll of all infectious disease combined if global warming and emission rates aren’t cut, a major study has concluded.
The study, first-in-kind, is “the first globally comprehensive and empirically grounded estimates of mortality risk due to future temperature increases caused by climate change,” according to the paper published in the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Principally, the study found a ‘U-shaped’ relationship in fatality especially in elderly people in both extremely cold and extremely hot climates, which, in both the cases was flattened in higher-income groups of people and those who adopted the local climate well using ‘robust heating or cooling’ systems according to climate extremities.
In simple words, poorer and hotter countries are at higher risk of climate change-related fatalities where people are less able to adapt to the changing environment, the study has found.
It also mentions the economic cost to adapt to the climate change will be felt across the world, including developed nations, the bane continues to spread unstopped.
The researchers found, in a high-emission scenario, global fatality rate will be raised by 73 deaths per 100k people by the fall of the century. This fatality rate, the Guardian noted, matches with that of the current count of people succumbing from infectious diseases like HIV/ Aids, tuberculosis, yellow fever, and malaria.
Environmental economist at the University of Chicago and a co-author of the study, Amir Jina said a lot of elder people succumb to indirect effects of heat.
“It’s eerily similar to COVID – vulnerable people are those who have pre-existing or underlying conditions,” he said, adding: “If you have a heart problem and are hammered for days by the heat, you are going to be pushed towards collapse.”
Global warming: Albeit a global contribution, but worst implication reserved for some
The research echoed disparity of the climate emergency, which albeit is a fruit of the global system, but the worst implications are unfairly faced by the poorest and the disadvantaged nations situated in the tropics, like Bangladesh, Sudan and Pakistan.
“There’s not one single worldwide condition, there’s a lot of different changes with poorer people much more affected with limited ability to adapt,” Jina said.
He added that richer countries, especially the ones located in the colder regions like Norway and Canada are able to adapt better to the changing climate while “it’s really the people who have done the least to cause climate change who are suffering from it.”
The researchers calculated, if the rising climate is not shackled by the fall of the century, that is by 2100, it will cost the global economy 3.2% of the GDP as a price of the deaths for the cause.
For each ton of planet-warming carbon-di-oxide is released, the world will have to pay $36.60 to compensate for the damage, the researchers also found.
Ultimately, as the study found, in a worst-case scenario, global temperatures will continue to increase, touching the 3C spike by the end of the century, presumably leading to manifolds the rebuke of nature that only 1C rise in temperature has already caused the planet since the dawn of Industry.